There And Draft Again

A Fellowship of Fantasy Writers

The Princess Bride and Narrative Techniques July 3, 2013

In the summer of 1992 I was injured on a working holiday and spent much of my summer watching my friend’s copy of The Princess Bride movie. (Forget flat-screens and high definition – this was state of the art VHS). By the time the neck brace came off I could quote most of that movie verbatim – it’s full of quotable gems such as:

“As you wish.” “My name is Inigo Montoya you killed my father prepare to die…” “To the pain.” “Inconceivable!”

As part of my love affair with the movie, I also tracked down William Goldman’s book and was pulled further into the rabbit hole. Because although the movie is told as a story within a story (a grandfather reading a story to his grandson), the book is even more complex – including Goldman himself as both character and storyteller.

In the book of The Princess Bride, Goldman claims to be presenting an abridgement of a story written by S. Morgenstern. According to Goldman he was read the story by his father. Some time later his fascination with the story leads him to track down a copy of the book for his own son, only to find that Morgenstern’s original version was actually a satire of the excesses of European royalty, complete with long and complex descriptions of etiquette and pedigree. Nothing at all like the tale his father told.

In the book Goldman tells it this way:

But my father only read me the action stuff, the good parts. He never bothered with the serious side at all.

And so, Goldman sets about publishing his abridged version of the book.

However, the truth is there is no Morgenstern, no son even (Goldman had daughters) and of course Florin is a fictitious fantasy realm. But the narrative technique seems to have been the key to opening up the writing process for The Princess Bride.

Goldman is quoted as saying:

And when that idea hit, everything changed. Tennessee Williams says there are three or four days when you are writing a play that the piece opens itself to you, and the good parts of the play are all from those days. Well, The Princess Bride opened itself to me. I never had a writing experience like it. I went back and wrote the chapter about Bill Goldman being at the Beverly Hills Hotel and it all just came out. I never felt as strongly connected emotionally to any writing of mine in my life. It was totally new and satisfying and it came as such a contrast to the world I had been doing in the films that I wanted to be a novelist again.

And although it’s hard to trust anything Goldman says (especially in the forewords and anniversary additions where he continues to spout great whoppers about his life and ongoing dealings with the Morgenstern estate) – there’s something that resonates as a writer about finding the key to opening up the story-telling process.

In the case of the book, Goldman was able to put on his larger-than-life storyteller persona and control the pace and the timing of the story. In the movie, this technique (to a lesser degree) is used to pull the viewer out of the story and create tension. It allows backstory to be covered quickly – shameless telling, but in a form that works; and keeps the tone of the movie light and comedic.

Some of the most memorable books I’ve read have had interesting narrative structures. Wuthering Heights used a narrator who heard part of the tale on his sickbed and set forth and uncovered the rest for himself. To Kill a Mockingbird chose a child narrator to get to the heart of justice and racial inequalities.

In the fantasy genre, Patrick Rothfuss, in his bestsellers The Name of the Wind, and Wise Man’s Fear uses another story within a story narrative technique. Having the main character dictate his life story to a scribe during a period of time in his life which seems far from a happy-ending scenario, not only provides a framework for the story, but colours the readers expectations. At first we wonder how this character will ever attain the degree of infamy he is apparently known for, but we’re also wondering how and when it’s all going to go so spectacularly wrong. The stakes are upped at the outset.

Finding the right narrative structure can mean the difference between your story coming to life or ending up ‘mostly dead’.

For Goldman, it not only unlocked his own creativity, but resulted in an on-going dialogue with his readers as he encourages them to write to his publishers for extra scenes and continues to spin tall tales around his visits to Florin and on-going legal wrangle with the family Morgenstern. You have to applaud him for using such an unusual vehicle for drawing his readership in; because there’s no denying there is something special about The Princess Bride.

Do you have a favourite quote or scene in The Princess Bride? Or did the book or movie make an impact on you back when it was released – or (for those younger souls) when you stumbled across it?

– by Raewyn Hewitt

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11 Responses to “The Princess Bride and Narrative Techniques”

  1. Kate Sparkes Says:

    “Life is pain, Highness; anyone who says differently is selling something.”

    I haven’t read the book yet, but I adore the movie. Action, romance, fantasy… pretty much perfect for me! Not to mention Cary Elwes…

    • Brilliant. I just got the movie out again to watch with the children and it’s scary to see how much of it I still remember… The sword fight – even the name The Dread Pirate Roberts… Personally I think the movie is better than the book, (Goldman is a screenwriter first and foremost I think). But I loved that his technique fired his imagination for this story.

  2. I haven’t read the book but I loved the movie. I’ll have to track down a copy to read.

    • Read the sample on Amazon first. There’s a lot of commentary by Goldman in it, which is kind of fun – but you have to be in the mood for it. The movie translates brilliantly though! (Much like Goldman’s character in the book)… and on it goes…

  3. E.K. Carmel Says:

    Now, I’m going to have to read the book. I’ve loved the movie since first seeing it as a teenager. Unlike many such movies, this one held up very well when I introduced it to my daughters. I love the quirky humor and quick, witty dialogue and the great quotes – there’s usually at least one person in every group I know who “gets” them.

  4. […] The Princess Bride and Narrative Techniques was a shameless excuse to discuss one of my all time favourite movies! And I’m afraid there was another nod to my Star Wars roots in In Need of An Oracle… […]

  5. L. Palmer Says:

    I read the book, and was disappointed in comparison with the movie. There is some good stuff in the book, but it doesn’t have the same level of liveliness as the film.
    As for the movie, I’ve had it memorized for a long, long time.

    • I think the movie was definitely something special (and toned down some of the excesses of the book). An interesting insight into Goldman’s writing process!

  6. I have twice gotten into a conversation about The Princess Bride and, upon mentioning the book, been asked, “Which one do you have? The original, or the rewritten version the guy did for his kid?” And then I had to gently explain the fiction of the original satire….

    • I read the book when I was quite young and have to admit I was keen to get a look at the original… *sighs at younger self* It just goes to show Goldman can really spin a tale… and possibly some of us are too eager to believe what we read!


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